Prince Philip, 98, and the Queen, 94, have been married for 73 years in November and are often regarded as having one of the strongest royal relationships. The couple are currently isolating together in Windsor Castle amid the coronavirus lockdown, and last month celebrated the Queen’s birthday.
The Queen has previously described Prince Philip as her “strength and stay”, weathering many a storm together during their relationship.
The Duke of Edinburgh was born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark on the island of Corfu on June 10, 1921.
One of the first times then Princess Elizabeth and Philip met was in 1939 when the Queen’s father and mother, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, toured the Royal Naval College, in Dartmouth, and the young trainee officer Prince Philip was asked to escort the two young princesses, Elizabeth and Margaret.
Their relationship blossomed and the couple became engaged in 1946, but were asked by King George VI to delay the announcement a year due to Elizabeth’s age.
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However, to marry Princess Elizabeth, then 21, in 1947, there were four things Philip had to give up.
Prince Philip was a smoker before he married then Princess Elizabeth, a habit which he had to leave in his single life.
Philip quit smoking cold turkey the morning of the wedding.
Elizabeth’s father King George VI was a heavy smoker and she disapproved of the habit – leading to Philip giving up the habit.
Speaking to the BBC in 2016, the Queen’s former press secretary Dickie Arbiter said the people surrounding the Queen when she was much younger smoked heavily.
He said: “Both her father and her sister smoked, but it never attracted her. It was something that just didn’t appeal.”
To marry Elizabeth, Philip had to give up his titles and become a “naturalized British subject.”
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So, Philip abandoned his Greek and Danish royal titles, had adopted the surname Mountbatten from his mother’s family.
Line of succession
With the abandonment of his titles, Philip also renounced his claim to the Greek and Danish thrones.
On February 28, 1947, Philip officially became a British subject, leaving his previous titles behind.
Philip took his mother’s family surname of Mountbatten when he became a British subject, however when marrying Princess Elizabeth and then on her becoming Queen he lost his surname and gained a wealth of titles.
However, Prince Philip was not allowed to give his surname to his own children.
The Queen declared in 1952 that the royal family’s surname would be Windsor and not Mountbatten.
This reportedly angered the Duke of Edinburgh who is said to have shouted “I’m just a bloody amoeba.”
Philip reportedly was enraged and said he was the only man in the country not to have given his children his name.
In 1960, the Queen gave him a concession when it was decreed that the Queen’s direct descendants who were not granted the title of Prince or Princess would instead be given the surname Mountbatten-Windsor.
Now Philip’s grandson Prince Harry has given the surname Mountbatten-Windsor to his son Archie Harrison – meaning Prince Philips legacy lives on.