Health

Type 2 diabetes: Limit your intake of certain drink to help balance blood sugar levels

If blood sugar levels are allowed to get too high, your health is at risk. Consistently enabling sugar in the bloodstream to build up can cause cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney failure and lower limb amputation.

The International Diabetes Federation explained type 2 diabetes is generally characterised by insulin resistance.

Insulin resistance is when the body doesn’t fully respond to insulin – the hormone responsible for unlocking cells to take in sugar from the foods and drinks you consume.

For some people with the condition, the pancreas can stop producing as much insulin, leading to even higher blood sugar levels.

Many people who have developed the condition may be unaware for many years, as symptoms may be mild or absent.

Typical symptoms of high blood sugar levels (i.e. hyperglycaemia) include excessive thirst and a dry mouth.

Other signs are frequent urination, lack of energy, slow healing wounds, blurred vision and numbness in the hands and feet.

In order to facilitate a healthy lifestyle, and reduce your sugar intake, it’s important to limit a certain type of beverage.

Although good for you in small quantities, do limit the number of fruit juices you drink.

In fact, the charity Diabetes UK insisted to have no more than one small glass of fruit juice a day.

The exact measurement should be 150ml or less, and it’s a good idea to dilute it with water.

This is because all fruit juices contain a naturally occurring sugar called fructose.

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When sipping on fruit juice, the fructose it contains is considered to be free “added” sugar.

Fructose is also present in whole fruit, but there’s a key difference – fruit contains roughage whereas fruit juice doesn’t.

The fibre helps to slow down the speed at which fructose is absorbed into the bloodstream.

With fruit juice, on the other hand, this doesn’t happen, so large amounts of juice can be consumed – spiking blood sugar levels.

This is why it’s key to limit the amount of fruit juice you consume, and to be wary that it contains extra calories, carbs and sugar.

The charity recommended the best beverage to have throughout the day is water.

To incorporate flavour into your glass of water, add a squeeze of lime or lemon.

You could even add in strawberries, or a slice of cucumber – even some mint.

If you fancy a hot brew, such as tea, coffee, chair or hot chocolate, don’t add in extra sugar.

Also opt for skimmed or semi-skimmed milk when making one of the options above.

If you’d like to have a healthier alternative, herbal teas are definitely the way forward.

There are so many flavours available nowadays, so you can try a herbal tea you enjoy.

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