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Queen titles: How does the Queen decide what titles to give?

There are lots of different titles within the Royal Family, and the Queen can give any type of title out. For centuries, monarchs have bestowed titles on their family members – often marking big life events such as a royal wedding. And thanks to royal tradition, the Queen can also grant a new ranking to her relatives just because! Express.co.uk takes a look at the royal rules the Queen must follow when giving titles.

How does the Queen decide what titles to give?

When it comes to granting royal titles, the Queen can pretty much do as she wishes.

She can grant anyone a royal title, and can choose whatsoever title she pleases.

But there is royal precedent that sets out what she should be doing – and the Queen is not one to break with royal traditions.

After the Queen, the next highest rank is not Prince or Princess as you might have thought, but actually is a Dukedom.

These are typically given to the sons and grandsons of the reigning monarch after they marry – which is why Prince William is also known as the Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry is known as the Duke of Sussex.

That’s bad news for Princess Charlotte, however, as a Dukedom can only be granted to a male – which is why neither Princess Beatrice nor Eugenie received a new title on their wedding day.

Instead, wives take on their husband’s titles. So as with Prince William, on their marriage Kate Middleton became the Duchess of Cambridge.

There are also titles which are reserved for certain members of the family.

For example, the heir apparent will always be granted the Prince of Wales title.

Eldest sons are also, by royal tradition, granted the Duke of Cornwall title – one of the many titles held by Prince Charles currently.

While eldest daughters of the monarch can be bestowed the Princess Royal title.

Similarly, the second son of the monarch has received the title Duke of York since the 15th century. So, her second son Prince Andrew became Duke of York.

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There are dozens of title the Queen can choose from – Duke and Duchess, Baron and Baroness (or Lady), Viscount and Viscountess, or Earl and Countess.

And unless the Queen knights someone, making them a Sir, these titles are all followed by a geographical location.

And when it comes to those locations, there aren’t many to chose from for each title.

This is why Prince Edward was made the Earl of Wessex – rather than the Dukedom the Queen had planned to grant him.

Edward was drawn to Wessex after watching the 1998 film Shakespeare in Love, in which Lord Wessex is played by Colin Firth.

But as there is no Duke of Wessex title available, he plumped for the slightly less important Earl of Wessex.

But it is also important to note the Queen must also consider reputation when granting titles, as she would hate for a relative to be given a title that had been tainted by a previous owner.

For example, the Duke of Windsor title – which was last held by King Edward VIII – has effectively been retired after Ed’s abdication.

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